Multi-Modal Mobility Given the growing demand for mobility, it appears that society seeks greater variety and responsiveness in mobility forms. For mixed mobility models to work best, we need a seamless transition between modes. Perhaps in future, the speed of arriving at a destination will not determine our modal choices, but how ‘best’ we arrive at a destination. • Mixing and matching different means of transport will increase the security, speed and flexibility of road users. • Mobility expenses continue to rise, but the future is not necessarily faster; what will determine our travel is how best we can arrive at our destinations.• Changes in mobility behaviours can be hindered by the lack of adaptive capacity of ageing urban infrastructure. • Modern society is characterised by growing demand for mobility and increasing variety in mobility. “The consumption of mobility as we have practiced it for decades is experiencing a turning point. We are entering a new commoditised and multi-mobile age” The beginning of the multi-mobile era Our 24/7 society today is characterised not only by a growing demand for mobility, but also by an increasing variety of mobility forms. Whether commuting to work, going to school, family or doctor visits, shopping or leisure activities, we are travelling to more places than ever before. More than ever, our lives are happening in between places. Today we face challenges such as sustainability, new energy infrastructure and post-fossil-fuel mobility concepts. Plus, there’s a need to find solutions for more efficiently networked cities, intelligent transport systems and services, and end-to-end solutions for personal transport. Combining to enhance mobility Mixing and matching different means of transport will increase the security, speed and flexibility of road users. The future will see an increase in multi-modal mobility, which today already exists in many forms (such as park & ride, bike & ride, carpooling etc.). Seamless mobility chains Whether combining motorised transport with public transport, or a bicycle with the bus, a seamless transition between the different means of transport is of vital importance in order for mixed mobility to become a success. To create functioning mobility chains and thus improve the framework conditions for combined mobility, all interested parties need to coordinate their traffic and spatial developments. “The future of urban public transport lies in mobility systems that will provide bicycles, cars and other mobility services on-demand. Most mobility assets will be shared instead of owned by the end-users. Convenient and reliable lifestyle services will be offered to connected citizens who will be able to easily access these combined mobility services via their smartphones” – Johan Peter Paludan, the Copenhagen Institute for Future Studies Combined mobility services are a smart alternative to car ownership in a rapidly urbanising world, as they are more tailored to customer needs and better suited to metropolitan environments. For those public transport operators who are able to innovate and turn public transport services into multi-modal mobility services, these developments offer a real opportunity to deliver sustainable growth over the next decades. The importance of infrastructure Changes in mobility behaviours can be hindered by the lack of adaptive capacity of ageing urban infrastructure. The infrastructure in many cities worldwide is out-dated due to insufficient investment funds. This restricts the capacity of cities to adequately adapt to the mobility needs in the field of multi-modal mobility concepts and electric mobility. At the same time, the obligation to modernise infrastructure offers the chance to take the new mobility requirements into account during construction. Today, competition for innovative and sustainable mobility concepts is on the rise, fuelled by European and national funding. Inter-modal mobility – the switching between different modes of transport for different journeys – is clearly increasing. Cars in particular are experiencing a loss of importance compared to other modes of transport – they are increasingly seen less as a status symbol or expression of individual freedom, but rather just as an alternative transport option, and therefore are being used more pragmatically. The end of boundless freedoms Mobility expenses continue to rise, but the future is not necessarily faster. It is no longer the speed of travel that determines our travel, but how we can arrive “best” at our destination. EXAMPLE: Flinc enables real-time matching of commuters ‘Flinc’ is a ridesharing network, connecting private drivers and passengers in real-time en-route, in order to share the underused spare capacity in cars on daily commutes. With just one click, Flinc users can easily connect by web or mobile app. Flinc informs the user by text as soon as somebody wants to join their ride. The all-electric BMW i3 is the first car that comes standard equipped with the ridesharing network application.